SMP Skate Park in Shanghai, China
Skateboarding is this kick-ass art form, self expression with creativity, spirit and cojones. A skate and also a skatepark is required for this wonderful sport. Skateboarding has no standard design or flow to its playground arena. Unlike organized sports, each skatepark is designed specifically to provide unique challenges to its users.
These custom & surprise environments can be broadly categorised into three types of parks.
Livingston Skatepark (Livi)
Bowls: Skaters in bowl parks can move around the park without taking their feet off the board to push. The curved walls of bowls allow skaters to ride around and across the bowl with a continuous flow. Bowls come in an endless variety of shapes and sizes but most bowls are between 3' and 12’ deep.
Logronó Street Plaza: Spain’s Street Plaza
Street plaza: This type is the favourite of the vast majority of skaters. Obstacles in a street plaza are styled to look like natural street terrain such as stairs, railings, planters and benches.
Pinball-machine skatepark New Zealand
Flow parks: This category combines elements of both bowl parks and street plazas. In a well designed flow park a skater can pump around the parks curved walls without taking their feet off to push and can use that speed to hit street obstacles.
Woodward West The Hangar
The construction can be divided into two major categories — prefabricated and custom built concrete. Prefabricated parks can be made of wood, plastic, sheet metal, and concrete. Concrete parks, now "pretty much the industry standard", according to an editor of Transworld Skateboarding magazine, they require fewer repairs and less maintenance.
Lake Cunningham regional skatepark
The usual skatepark elements are;
Quarter pipe– Literal quarter of a pipe.
Half-pipe– Two Quarter Pipes facing each other.
Vert wall – A vertical wall above, and sometimes slightly behind, a quarter pipe.
Bank – These can vary in angle but are simply wedge ramps for traversing obstacles, i.e. elevated flats.
Bowl - a completely enclosed area of quarterpipes that curve in corners.
Cradle – Spherical bowl turned on its side. Enables inverted and over-vert carving
Hip – Essentially two quarter pipes or banks forming an angle.
Roll-in – A long sloping ramp used to gain speed.
Launcher/Kicker – A curved bank a rider uses to launch into the air.
Spine – Two quarter pipes placed back to back, that do not contain a deck.
Flat - The flat lower areas between transitions, usually at grade.
Deck - The flat elevated area used as a staging area above ramps and bowls.
Funbox– A combination of banks, flats, rails, kickers, etc.
Pyramid – Funbox-type ramp made from four banks put in a square pyramidshape, usually surrounding a flat.
Flat rail – A rail set level with ground.
Sloped rail - A rail set at an angle.
Kinked rail - A rail with two flat sections, one higher than the other, and a sloped section in the middle connecting them.
Stair set– A simple staircase.
There are lots and lots of elements/ obstacles that skaters grind, slide & shred. Think shreddable objects & combinationations.